Arles, France sitting at the top of the delta where the Rhone meets the Mediterranean Sea, was an important city for the Roman Empire from about 100 B.C. to almost 600 A.D. Many Roman architectural features and ruins remain today and have been named as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including walls surrounding the city, an arena (or amphitheater), an aqueduct and mill, a theater and baths. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the arena was fortified and became not only a stronghold against barbarians, but also a walled city within the city, with about 200 homes, two churches and a town square.
Much later, Arles was the home to Vincent Van Gogh, from which he painted over 300 works, including sunflowers and cafe scenes.